Can Facebook's open compute project really gain traction?
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May 27, 2014
Facebook's wish that its open compute project (OCP) could bring hyperscale-style innovation
to the internet community is somewhat bearing fruit, with an Australian company revealing a
range of converged infrastructure and virtual SAN products using its server designs.
The company in question, Infrx, is a very small business with just four people. But that
hasn't stopped it from working with Facebook, striking up a relationship with server makers Quanta
and Wiwynn and releasing a range of products.
They include a pre-configured SAN based on VMware's vSAN, plus stack-in-a-box rigs running
either Hyper-V, OpenStack or Hadoop, with Cumulus in the background handling software-defined
The products have been designed in close collaboration with software vendors-- Whithouse
said senior VMware staff assisted with the design of the vSAN equipment while Infrx's Metacloud
offering is based on templates used to deploy the stack at Disney and Australian telco Telstra.
Founder Mark Whithouse says that users in Australia know of OCP, appreciate the low acquisition
and operating costs it offers and feel it represents a chance to improve their operations.
And of course, price is obviously a big factor. Whitehouse is a veteran of a few enterprise
storage vendors and says in his experience, Australian companies pay $1.98 per gigabyte. Infrx
can deliver at 30 cents a gigabyte, he claims.
Whithouse says he expects a couple of sales in the next week, although there's been none so far.
The prospects operate at substantial, but not hyper scale, reflecting Infrx's belief that OCP equipment can
make it into smaller data centres.
Perhaps as interesting as Infrx's offerings is Whitehouse's trip to visit Facebook to research
On that trip he says he saw an assembly facility where Intel personnel told him they were
installing 1,000 CPU sockets each week to feed Facebook's server farms.
Infrx is selling in Australia and New Zealand for now, but Whitehouse says the company's
links in the OCP community means sales beyond the South Pacific may be possible.
The company is currently financed from the founders' pockets and while discussions with
investors are welcome, they're not being actively pursued as Whitehouse and his colleagues
feel that OCP-based infrastructure's main attraction is price.
If investors become involved, he fears they'll force higher prices on the company and destroy
the advantages OCP confers.
Infrx is not alone offering stack-in-a-box products-- NetApp and Cisco's FlexPod, Oracle's engineered
systems and VCE all have similar products.
The likes of Scale Computing do likewise with a 'white (no name) server' offering. We'll keep you posted
on this and other stories.
In other IT news
According to various reports we've seen in the blogosphere this morning, IBM will reportedly
end its contract agreement with NetApp.
Citing “an internal memo reviewed by Bloomberg, the newswire says IBM has simply decided to
offer enterprise customers its own solutions rather than continuing to resell the N-series
network attached storage devices it gets from NetApp.
IBM's data storage sales aren't exactly that high, so it makes sense for the company to
concentrate on shifting its own infrastructure and taking as much profit margin as it can rather
than outsource with NetApp.
That its own v3500, Storwize v5000 and Storwize V7000 Unified are reasonable replacements for
the N3000 Express, N6000 and N7000 it gets from NetApp means that the decision can't have been
all that difficult in the first place.
Understandably, that doesn't make the decision any easier for NetApp, which draws about two
percent of its revenue and more than a little credibility from its IBM alliance.
With its balance sheet challenged in several ways, losing some easy revenue is perhaps the
last thing it needs, however.
It's also worth reflecting about what IBM's move says about the NAS market in general. The
likes of Dropbox for business offer NAS-like functions (as end-users perceive them) without all
the hassle of maintaining a device.
Naturally, such services aren't going to become less sophisticated any time soon, so it represents
a real threat to those who need to access files alone.
To be sure, SaaS (Software-as-a-Service) also poses a parallel threat by removing the need
for data storage solutions capable of serving the transactional needs of on-premises applications.
In fact, those new and emerging technologies threaten both IBM and NetApp at the same time.
IBM at least has a cloud offering that it can use to compensate.
But NetApp looks instead like less of a good catch after years of acquisition speculation. Only time
will tell how this will pan out in the next year or two.
In other IT news
Workers at Microsoft Research (MSR) have implemented a new method to automatically check
code for compliance with privacy laws, and Microsoft claims that its simple to use.
Legalease is to specify restrictions on how data is handled. One of the main drivers behind
its development was that software developers and those setting companies’ privacy policies
don’t share a common language.
As an example, MSR says that more than 20 percent of the code in its Bing search engine changes
on a daily basis, with changes made by thousands of programmers.
Even some small changes in code might affect how data is used or who views it, potentially
violating company, government or regulatory privacy policies.
Keeping tabs on changes in very large systems, like the Bing search engine, using manual audits
is difficult and very time consuming.
According to MSR, automated testing is the best way to verify compliance with privacy rules
and laws on the massive scale demanded in environments like Bing.
like the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA).
Grok, meanwhile, annotates existing code using a system that cross-references information
from different sources, based on varying levels of confidence.
According to Microsoft, pattern-matching to column names across a database results in a
low-confidence score, while annotations made manually by developers are deemed to be more
trustworthy and thus get a high-confidence score.
MSR says it developed Grok for use on Bing but found writing suitable polices very difficult,
and this was what led to Legalese. Both were tested on Bing and are now running on the data analytics
MSR presented Legalese and Grok at the 35th IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy in San Jose, California
MSR claims that a group of non-coders took less than five minutes to learn how to use Legalease and
just 15 minutes to code 9 Bing policy clauses with some tidbits of user information.
Saikat Guha, a researcher at Microsoft, said in a statement called Legalease is “the final piece of the
automated privacy compliance jigsaw puzzle."
In other IT news
Cisco is continuing the rapid expansion of its security portfolio with the acquisition of
the small malware analysis firm ThreatGRID.
The acquisition target was founded two years ago, one of the then-burgeoning number of companies
that pushed malware analysis, threat intelligence and security analytics into the cloud, supplemented
by an on-premise appliance.
This new acquisition will fit into Cisco's Advanced Malware Protection portfolio, created when it
acquired open-source IPS pioneer SourceFire.
In its announcement, Cisco says ThreatGRID “allows enhanced aggregation and correlation of data
for advanced threat intelligence across the extended network and across Cisco security solutions and
Cisco has also announced a bunch of other extensions to the AMP suite, including: AMP for Endpoints,
adding support for Mac OS X, “elastic search” to identify the scope of an attack, and remote file
analysis; the AMP Private Cloud Appliance; AMP for Networks, which includes a cloud-based sandbox to
help defend against unknown threats; and two AMP FirePOWER appliances, the AMP8150 with up to 2 Gbps of
performance and the FirePOWER AMP7150 with up to 500 Mbps of performance.
In other IT news
CERN alumni and a team or research scientists at MIT have taken another shot at cracking
the e-mail encryption scenario.
Their offering is dubbed Proton Mail and it's now available in public beta, and it proves to be
so popular that the group had to suspend new registrations while it upgrades its system.
As a concept, encrypting email goes back at least to the earliest days of PGP-– Pretty Good Privacy,
that got Phil Zimmerman of RSA Security in so much trouble back in those days. He suffered a long criminal investigation
by the U.S. Customs Service.
After a report from RSA Data Security who were in a licensing dispute with regard to use of the
RSA algorithm in PGP, the United States Customs Service started a criminal investigation of Zimmermann
for allegedly violating the Arms Export Control Act.
The United States government had long regarded cryptographic software as a munition, and thus
subject to arms trafficking export controls. At that time, the boundary between what cryptography
was permitted ("low-strength") and impermissible ("high-strength") for export from the United States
was placed such that PGP fell on the too-strong-to-export side of the boundary.
The boundary for legal export has since been raised and now allows PGP to be exported. The investigation
lasted three years, but was finally dropped without filing charges against Zimmerman.
PGP, which lives on in various open-source tools today, ran encryption alongside users' e-mail
clients and was widely seen as too difficult for the average user.
In the world of Webmail, encryption happens at the server end, and as Lavabit found to its own cost, that leaves user data subject to the demands of law enforcement.
Proton Mail even nods towards PGP-- “In truth, there is not a whole lot that ProtonMail does that
is not already accomplished by PGP, at least from a security standpoint," the MIT team notes.
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